We have achieved so much in very recent years and have made many incredible leaps forward. We’re at an amazing time in human history, but it’s important to remember that we are by no means the first ones to achieve amazing things. Sure, we might have superior technology and more knowledge, but we’re not the first ones to revolutionize human existence. Many civilizations of the past have made impressive strides. So who was the most advanced?
1. It’s hard to pinpoint just one.
How do you determine when a civilization is advanced? We usually base this off our own civilization and the major accomplishments we are proud of, and it’s not a bad place to start. The thing is, multiple civilizations of the past made contributions to different areas. For that reason, we can’t pinpoint just one that tops the list.
2. The Greeks gave us so much.
Credit is often given to the Greeks for being the first civilization to really make some major strides. They were tremendous architects, literary geniuses, pioneers of democracy, and they even made advancements in math and astronomy. Much of our own culture takes cues from the ancient Greeks, so in terms of lasting ideas that carried through the generations, the Greeks deserve their place towards the top.
3. But so did the Ancient Chinese.
In terms of inventions and humankind’s “firsts,” Ancient China is the clear winner. We even label some the “Four Great Inventions,” which are compasses, gunpowder, paper-making, and printing. A wide range of other inventions are attributed to them as well, and let’s not forget the incredible Great Wall of China that stands to this day. Astronomical observations and time-keeping were also fields of interest to the Ancient Chinese, and many of their ideas and discoveries spread to other civilizations throughout the world.
4. Then again, Egyptians knew a lot about medicine.
Like the Ancient Greeks, the Egyptians were master architects and advanced in mathematics. In fact, some famous Greek mathematicians learned from Egyptian scholars. But perhaps the most surprising advancement in Egypt was the extensive knowledge of medicine. It shouldn’t be so shocking, given the fact that they perfected mummification which has truly given their civilization a second life. They knew how to treat wounds and were well versed in anatomy, providing useful treatments that were far ahead of later practices used in European countries. In addition to medicine, the Egyptians were also forward-thinking in terms of gender equality, giving women many more rights than other civilizations then and in the future.