What a disappointing article. The most important, and the most obvious characteristic of the rings is ignored and not mentioned. Again, another classical example, of man's measuring techniques mated with a complete lack of discernment of the obvious.
Just like a reflection, the ringlets are a crack in nature's curtain. And just like the universe as a whole, it's not important how the ringlets formed, and it's not important how long they have been there. It is impossible for man to learn or determine how this universe started, and it is impossible to determine when it was started. The only thing man can determine is the local state of present reality. We waste a lot of time and money on foolish pursuits. And CERN is another waste of time and money........defining useless dissolving charge fragments. That have absolutely nothing to do with physicality.......or nature.
The importance of the ringlets is, how they move. And there was not one mention of this.
The movement confirms the total garbage of our gravity theories. And confirms that nature's orbits are helical, not elliptical.
Hundreds of years of convinced consensus, about elliptics, was wrong. And demonstrates how deceiving observation and a measurement can be.
We now know that every planet has a debris torus, and the planet rotates around the torus, as it rotates around the sun. The planets are in the lowest stable level of rotation....which is a one turn closed helix. One turn around the torus, makes one turn around the sun. Ringlets and moonlets have multiple helical turns. Seen when observing the rings.
A rotation, within a rotation. Nature's orbits.....are two rotations. Perpendicular angular momentums. An open rotation dynamic, forming a closed rotation dynamic.
The helical orbit of the rings, is the most wonderful and revealing characteristic.
Using abstract math concepts, to explained physical concepts has failed miserably.
You and millions of others, for hundreds of years, have been taught that planets circle the sun, in a tilted circle, causing an elliptical path around the sun. By the way, my comments remain true, even if Sol is stationary. My dynamics are NOT a part of the solar system moving thru space.
The elliptic comes from what we observe and measure. The problem with this is that we measured the X and the Y, but we forgot and didn't notice Z. 3D dynamics.
Years ago we had a probe called Galileo. It took so many pictures of the Jupiter system, that it took over five years to look at them. Some of those images showed Io moving thru a visible debris field. The first time ever.....to see the real path of an orbit.
I explained that dynamic in the previous post. If you take some stiff wire and a broomstick, twist the wire around the stick, to make a one turn, open rotation, down the length of the stick.
Carefully, slide wire off stick and carefully form wire into a circle, without losing the twist of the wire.
The resulting wire structure appears to be an ellipse. But it's actually a closed one turn helix.
Ringlets and moonlets confirm this fact.
All of our gravity theories and equations are proving a orbit dynamic that does not exist.
Our planets have two rotations. The first is small, and rotates around a center line, in Sol's plane. The second is large and rotates around Sol.
An open rotation, is when the origin of the rotation, moves with the rotation. A stripe around a cylinder is a open rotation. With a closed rotation, one can look thru the origin, and see the other side of the rotation. With an open rotation, one can not see the other side, looking thru the origin.
A planetary orbit, is a open rotation, arcing and forming a closed rotation. But it's only one turn, and appears as an elliptic. The ringlets have multiple turns......and shows the real dynamic.
I forgot to mention, the squishy-ness of this helix produced elliptic, is varied, by the radius of the first and small rotation.
And also......the circumference/diameter ratio of this structure is always greater than 3.14. And adjustable.