How Does Pollination Work?

We’re all aware of the importance of bees. They’re our pollinators, and they keep our world full of colorful flowers and help humans increase crop yield. Many other insects are pollinators too, forming a network of critters that help out the planet while they’re going about their daily business. Given how important it is for plant diversity and survival, it’s good to know exactly how pollination works so we can take steps to ensure no human activities get in the way.

1. Pollination is essentially reproduction.
Pollination involves transferring pollen from the male part of the plant to the female part in order to make seeds. These seeds keep the species going, which is why it’s such an essential process as far as preserving biodiversity and keeping the Earth full of life.

2. Bees and other pollinators help by transferring pollen.
Pollination can occur a few different ways, but all are outside forces that the plant has no control over. The main method of pollination is insects known as pollinators, such as bees and butterflies. When these insects land on a flower to collect nectar, pollen clings to their bodies. As they land on the next flower, they leave behind some of that pollen, and thus pollination is achieved.

3. Without pollinating animals, there would be far fewer methods of pollination.
Other than insects, wind and water can also drive pollination. However, it’s considerably easier for insects to pollinate than it is for wind or water. 80% of the world’s flower population relies on pollination, and without an abundance of pollinators, many species would die out.